Contents

  1. Introduction

  2. Main Body

    1. Executive Summary

      1. Mood
      2. Settlement Prospects
      3. Accountability
      4. Transitional Justice Alternatives
      5. Views of Key Figures and Organizations
      6. Information Sources
      7. Conclusions
    2. Mood: “What Syria is Going Through is Heartbreaking”

      1. Syrians Traumatized, Polarized
      2. Even More Secure Areas Are Affected
      3. Refugees and IDPs Devastated by Losses
      4. Christians and Alawites Feel Besieged by Radicals
      5. Sunnis Fear Increasing Division and Violence
      6. Regime Supporters Blame Armed Militias and Outsiders, Opponents Blame Al-Assad
      7. How Did Things Get This Bad?
      8. Freedom of Expression Depends on Political Leanings
      9. No End in Sight
    3. Settlement Prospects: “We have to stop the bloodshed”

      1. Desire to Halt Killing Drives Settlement Wishes
      2. Opponents: Exile Assad if it Stops the Violence
      3. Supporters: Exiling Assad is Unthinkable
      4. Postwar Co-Existence Favoured But Potentially Difficult
      5. Some Reject Coexistence
      6. Refugees and IDPs: Nothing To Return To
    4. Post-Conflict Accountability: “Whoever committed a crime should be accountable”

      1. Accountability is Key
      2. “Forgive and Forget” Rejected
    5. Transitional Justice Alternatives: “We should all stay under the rule of law”

      1. Rule of Law Above All Else
      2. Strong Support for Prosecutions of Abusers
      3. Little Agreement Over Who Should Conduct Trials
      4. Compensation a Popular Response to Loss
      5. Truth Commissions Little Known But Favourably Received
      6. Amnesty for Truth Difficult to Accept
      7. Compensation Function Builds Truth Commission Support
    6. Views of Key Figures and Organizations

      1. Assad Praised by Pro-Regime Respondents, Condemned by Opponents
      2. Syrian Army’s Reputation Tarnished
      3. Free Syrian Army Gets Mixed Reviews from Regime Opponents
      4. Syrian National Council Receives Little Support
      5. SNCROF Less Well-Known, Also Viewed Negatively
      6. Jabhat Al-Nusra is Polarizing
    7. Information Sources: “I follow all the channels”

      1. Television Most Important Source of Information
      2. Respondents Struggle to Obtain Objective Information
      3. Internet Provides Independent Information
      4. The Displaced Rely on Internet, Informal Networks
      5. Few Listen to Radio, Read Print, or Get SMS News
    8. Conclusions and Recommendations

      1. Interest in Solutions and Broad Agreement on Key Issues is High, But Awareness of Options is Low
      2. The Resilient Syrian National Identity and Desire for Rule of Law
      3. Inform, Encourage Discussion, and Forge Consensus
      4. Syrians Yearn to Live Together Again As one Nation
  3. Appendix: Methodology and Interviewee Details

  4. About the Syria Justice and Accountability Centre